Trauma Surgery and Treatment

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What is Trauma Surgery and Treatment?

Trauma surgery is a surgical speciality that treats traumatic injuries in an emergency setting, employing both operative and non-operative therapy. This procedure is employed when a life-threatening injury such as road accidents, severe sports injuries, gunshot or knife wounds, or a sudden fall from an extreme height is diagnosed.

Trauma surgery is a high-intensity, quick-response procedure with little time for the lengthy discussions that are frequent in medical consultations. In trauma surgery, every second counts, therefore surgeons must be educated to make quick decisions and work under pressure.

How do we handle patients with this condition?

Patients are quickly assessed when they arrive at the emergency room to identify the severity of their injuries and which are the most harmful to function and life. If emergency surgery is not essential to save the patient’s life, the foremost priorities before surgery are resuscitation and stabilisation. After that, surgical treatment is given.

To establish the severity of injuries, radiographic X-rays and CT scans, as well as MRIs, are used. These devices allow the surgeon to detect interior organ damage and haemorrhaging. Trauma surgeons also collaborate closely with emergency personnel in the patient’s resuscitation and stabilisation procedures.

The main concerns during initial trauma surgery operations are airway patency, respiration, blood circulation, and the use of essential medicines. At the time of admission, triage care examines routine facts such as the patient’s vital signs, age, and history of pre-existing disorders. Laboratory procedures, such as blood testing, may be required, as well as intravenous access lines and monitoring devices for vital signs.

Why is urgency important?

Trauma surgery is often a matter of life or death. The likelihood grows with the severity of the damage and the facility’s failure to manage the emergency and stabilise the patient.

Failure to perform trauma surgery as soon as possible in circumstances when it is necessary may result in a variety of long-term issues, including, but not limited to, internal organ damage, limb amputation, and neurological abnormalities, and loss of organ function. Fortunately, developments in medicine and technology over the last several decades have allowed for a better understanding of the events that cause morbidity and mortality.