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What is Pediatric Orthopaedics?

Pediatric Orthopaedics

 

The growth plate is a unique bone that is only present in children and is a part that facilitates the growth of bones during a child’s development. As a result, it is also more prone to injuries. Growth plate injuries, if left untreated, can cause growth abnormalities such as hardening of the growth plate or abnormal bone development. Because children’s bones differ from adults’, it’s only natural that they require special care. Pediatric orthopaedics is a speciality of medicine dedicated to the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in children.

Whether it’s a shattered bone from falling off a swing, the stairs, or their bikes, a hurting knee from too much running, or a development irregularity, children are prone to a variety of orthopaedic injuries. At the Specialist Orthopaedic Centre, we are constantly developing procedures and recovery programmes to help young people cope with bone and muscle injuries.

Bone Conditions and Injuries in Kids

Bone Conditions and Injuries in Kids

 

Children tend to be playful and always active. More often than not, this causes them to get hurt or injured. That is why among the most common complaints children’s hospitals encounter are broken bones or sore muscles. In some cases, lack of proper nourishment and other hereditary conditions can affect children’s growing bones. Here are some of the most common bone conditions and injuries among children:

 

Rickets

Rickets is a bone fragility disease that affects children. The majority of children get rickets as a result of a severe, long-term vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D insufficiency can cause developing bones to become brittle and weak because it is required for strong bone formation. The most common symptom of Rickets is bowed legs.


Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disorder in which the bones weaken, become brittle, and are prone to fracture. When it develops in adolescents, an underlying cause, such as osteogenesis imperfecta, diabetes, or deficiency in calcium and vitamin D, is usually the cause. Children with osteoporosis may experience joint discomfort, morphological deformities such as spine curvature, and a sunken chest.


Fractures

Fractures are more common in children than in adults. This is because children’s active lifestyles, along with their fragile, developing bones, make them more vulnerable to fractures from unexpected falls, tripping, and other mishaps.


Pediatric Flatfeet

Pediatric flatfeet is common amongst young children, and usually correct itself naturally with age. However, in some case the foot arch fails to develop or collapse, resulting either a fallen or high arch and causing difficulty walking, moving, as well as pain and tenderness.

How do we treat bone injuries in kids?

Orthopaedic treating kid bone injury

 

These are the following procedures often used to diagnose bone injuries in children. Depending on the outcome, several treatments and rehabilitation can be suggested.

 

Physical Examination

If your paediatrician suspects bone illness, he or she may order a blood test to determine the levels of vitamin D, phosphorus, calcium, and parathyroid hormone in the child’s blood.


Blood Test

If your paediatrician suspects bone illness, he or she may order a blood test to determine the levels of vitamin D, phosphorus, calcium, and parathyroid hormone in the child’s blood.


Urine Analysis

Calcium levels in urine can be analyzed to see if they are too high or too low. A high calcium level in the urine may suggest hyperparathyroidism, whereas a low calcium level may suggest hypoparathyroidism.


X-ray

X-ray imaging may be used to detect bone abnormalities in your kid, such as bones that are too thin, too thick, or deformed.


Scan for Bone Density

A bone density scan is commonly known as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. It assesses bone density. A bone density scan is frequently used to detect osteoporosis. It can also tell you whether your youngster is prone to fractures.

Bone dysplasia

Bone dysplasia

Bone dysplasia is a term used to describe a group of uncommon genetic illnesses that damage bones and joints and impair children’s growth and development. The condition results in unusually formed bones, particularly in the skull, spine, and long bones of the limbs.

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a set of muscular dystrophies that manifest themselves at or around birth. In general, muscular dystrophies are hereditary, degenerative disorders that mostly affect voluntary muscles.

Elbow Fractures in Children

Elbow Fractures in Children

An elbow fracture is a frequent injury that children might incur while falling on an extended arm. Elbow fractures occur for around 10% of all juvenile fractures. This fracture is one of the most frequent injuries among young people.

Growth Plate Fracture

Growth Plate Fracture

Growth plate injuries are common following a bone fracture and are a leading cause of growth abnormalities in children and adolescents. Because the growth plate is where new bone is formed, damage to this location can cause the plate to seal prematurely, halting bone formation.

Jumper knee

Jumper’s Knee

Jumper’s knee, commonly known as patellar tendonitis, is a condition in which your tendon becomes inflamed. This is the joint that joins your kneecap to your shin bone. Jumper’s knee damages your tendon and, if left untreated, can lead to tendon rupture.

Pediatric Forearm Fractures

Forearm fractures are common in youngsters while they are playing on the playground or engaging in sports. A forearm fracture can occur if a youngster falls and hits his or her outstretched arm.

Pediatric Thighbone Fracture

Pediatric Thighbone (Femur) Fracture

The femoral shaft is the long, straight section of the femur. A femoral shaft fracture occurs when there is a break anywhere along this bone. To recover, this sort of fractured leg nearly invariably needs surgery.