What is knee pain?
Knee pain is a frequent ailment amongst individuals of all ages. Causes of knee pain include knee injuries such as a burst ligament or ripped cartilage or medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and infections. Many types of mild knee pain can be treated with first-aid techniques.
However, there are times when medications and other treatments fail to reduce pain. In this scenario, a clinical diagnosis is recommended because knee discomfort can be an indication of underlying orthopaedic conditions that may necessitate knee replacement surgery.
Symptoms of knee pain
The location and severity of knee pain can vary depending on the cause of the problem. The following are some of the signs and symptoms that might occur for mild knee pain:
- Pain and swelling
- Stiffness to the touch
- Redness and bruising
- Instability or weakness
- popping or cracking
- Inability to completely extend the knee
If the symptoms worsen even after treatment, you will need to consult your doctor. Some of the symptoms of serious knee pain are:
- You can’t bear weight on your knee, and it feels unstable or gives out.
- Significant knee inflammation
- You can’t fully extend or flex your knee.
- Visible abnormality or deformity in your leg or knee
- You have a fever, as well as redness, soreness, and swelling in your knee.
- Have significant knee pain as a result of an accident
Injuries associated with knee pain
Any of the ligaments or tendons that surround your knee joint, as well as the bones, the cartilage that constitutes the joint itself, can be damaged during a knee injury. The following are some of the most prevalent knee injuries:
And ACL injury is a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament, which is one of four ligaments that link the shinbone to the thigh bone. ACL injuries are more frequent in athletes who play basketball, volleyball, football or other sports that involve quick changes in direction.
During falls or accidents, the bones of the knee, especially the kneecap (patella), can be fractured. Furthermore, those whose bones have been compromised by osteoporosis might occasionally experience a knee fracture from falling.
Tendinitis is characterised by chronic inflammation of one or more tendons, which are the thick, fibrous fibres that connect muscles to bones. This inflammation can occur when the patellar tendon, which goes from the kneecap (patella) to the tibia and allows you to kick, run, and leap, is injured.
Treatment Options for Knee Pain
Depending on the severity of the injury and pain, there are several options to treat the pain, both nonsurgical and surgical. Non-surgical treatments include:
- Physical therapy – This usually consists of cardio, weight training, and stretching exercises that strengthen the muscles that support your knee and increase flexibility. Your orthopaedic doctor will design a programme based on your current knee condition and will monitor your progress to ensure all is going well.
- The RICE approach – Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) is good for knee pain caused by a minor injury or an arthritis flare. Give your knee some rest, apply ice to reduce swelling, wear a compressive bandage, and keep your knee elevated.
- A crutch or cane that will take the stress off of your knee.
- Knee splints and braces to keep your knee stable.
- Cushioned insoles to reduce pressure on your knees. This treatment is typically recommended for patients suffering from osteoarthritis
If your knee pain becomes unbearable, your doctor may assess your condition and determine whether surgical treatments such as knee replacement surgery are more appropriate for treating the problem.
Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee replacement surgery, commonly known as knee arthroplasty or complete knee replacement, is a surgical operation used to resurface an arthritis-damaged knee. Metal and plastic components, as well as the kneecap, are utilised to cap the ends of the bones that make up the knee joint. Someone with severe arthritis or a serious knee injury may benefit from this procedure. The purpose of knee replacement surgery is to restore mobility and reduce knee discomfort that cannot be managed with conventional therapies.
ACL reconstruction is a surgical procedure that replaces the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee with a tissue graft to restore function after an injury. The damaged ligament might be excised from the knee or preserved before arthroscopic repair.
Total Knee Replacement
A total knee replacement is a surgical operation that replaces the damaged knee joint with an artificial component. The knee is a hinge joint that allows movement at the junction of the thigh and the lower leg. At the knee joint, the thigh bone (or femur) rubs against the big bone of the lower leg (tibia).
Treatment of Knee Fracture
A cast or splint may be applied by your physician to keep your knee level and prevent mobility in your leg. This will hold the shattered bone ends in place as they recover. You may be able to bear weight on your leg while wearing a cast or brace, depending on the nature of the fracture.